Harbour Fendering (Monograph) by Captain A. E. Robinson
A fender, by common usage of the term, forms the interface between a ship and the quay. Over many centuries a harbour has been considered to be a place of shelter for shipping. Frequently a wharf or quay was constructed in the harbour for a ship to lie alongside. As the wharf was generally more solid than the ship it was sesible for the ship to provide its own fenders. Indeed the first nautical definition of the word fender was givin in a 1627 Seamans Grammar where fenders are delightfully described as 'peices of old harsers called Junkes hung over the ship's side to keepe them from bruising.