IMO e-Book E479E HNS Convention, 1996 Edition
The carriage of hazardous and noxious substances by sea can result in the release of such substances. It has been widely recognized that there is a need to adopt uniform international rules and procedures for determining questions of liability and compensation for damage caused by releases of hazardous and noxious substances, and this has now been done. The International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea (HNS Convention), 1996, was adopted by the International Conference on Hazardous and Noxious Substances and Limitation of Liability, 1996. This publication contains the text of the Convention, as well as the Final Act and four resolutions adopted by the Conference. Under the Convention and the first of the resolutions adopted by the Conference, the International Hazardous and Noxious Substances Fund (HNS Fund) will be established to receive contributions from States Parties to the Convention and to make compensation payments where appropriate.